The German Shepherd is a breed of dog originally used as a herding and search dog.
The German Shepherd Dog was obtained through the selection and crossing of several varieties of herd dogs in Central and Southern Germany. Distinguish between smooth-haired and long-haired varieties.
German Shepherds participate in exhibitions, and are also used for protection, cynological sports, and also as dogs for the family.
German Shepherd general characteristics
German Shepherds are of medium size. The growth of a dog at the withers is 60-65 cm, weight is 30-40 kg, bits are 5 cm lower and 8 kg lighter.
They are loyal, intelligent, calm and obedient animals. The key to an excellent character is a stable psyche of the animal and proper upbringing. The German Shepherd is most successful if it has one owner, but at the same time its strength (as a service dog) is that it very easily changes its guide and is interested in working with new ones.
Dogs of this breed get along well with children. It can serve well as a companion dog, guard, protective, service and guard dog; successfully used as a herding dog. A well-trained German Shepherd is indispensable when arresting a criminal; used to accompany the blind.
Dogs do not like loneliness, but patiently await the return of the owner. For a good mood and normal health, they are in dire need of human society, including long walks and outdoor games.
Dog life in the y ard or in the apartment
As mentioned above, German Shepherds are intelligent and easily trained animals. But raising a large dog should never be left to chance. From the very first months of life, the puppy should learn light commands.
The owner should demonstrate his authority without resorting to shouting and, moreover, physical strength. If it seems to you that significant deviations appear in the behavior of the pu puppy, which you cannot cope with yourself, be sure to seek help from a specialist dog handler.
Features of the structure of wool allow the German Shepherd to live both indoors and in the yard. In the second case, you need a spacious aviary with an insulated booth.
And immediately after the dog appears in the house, determine for it its own place where the bedding or mattress and toys will lie. There should be no direct sources of heat and drafts in the immediate vicinity.
German Shepherd diseases
Difficulties in the formation of the breed and forced inbreeding led to the emergence of a number of serious diseases. Some are manifested even in puppyhood: growth hormone deficiency, diabetes, leukemia. At the first sign of poor health, you need to go to a veterinary clinic, where they can make the correct diagnosis and start treatment. In addition, it is important to see a doctor regularly for routine check-ups – especially for puppies in active growth and dogs over 7 years of age.