Dobermann is a breed of short-haired service dogs, bred in the city of Apolda (Thuringia, Germany) at the end of the 19th century by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, named after its creator
Dobermans created as a purposefully formed breed and formed through careful selection. This work started Karl Dobermann, and after his death the work on the breed continued his followers.
After the end of the Franco-Prussian War, in 1890, in Apolda, he began to create a new breed of dog.
Karl Dobermann himself was a tax collector and a German police officer. This breed originally formed as a police dog. In addition to working on the formation of his own breed, the Doberman was also the owner of a shelter for dog. In classes with which he honed the skills of training dogs. Dogs, which he later used to train police dogs.
He started working on the Doberman breed in 1870. German Pinschers were chosen as the ancestors of the breed, which the creator of the breed hired for their brave and rather aggressive nature. Subsequently, the blood of Rottweilers, Belgian and Thuringian shepherds, as well as Weimar and other hounds added to them.
The first dogs
For the first time, Karl Dobermann’s dogs were presented as an independent breed at an exhibition in 1897. A year later, this breed received its first official recognition.
The original name of the breed – the Thuringian Pinscher – after the death of the Dobermann in 1894 replaced by the Doberman Pinscher, under this name they presented at the exhibition. During the next revision of the standard in 1949, the word “pinscher” removed from the name of the breed. And it began to be called simply “Doberman”.
The first herd book of dogs of this breed was compiled at about the same time when the dogs were first presented at the exhibition, but later it was lost. Its compiler was Otto Koller, who worked on the breed with Karl Dobermann and continued his work after the death of the creator of the breed.
In the first decade of the twentieth century, work to improve the breed continued. Then the blood of Greyhounds poured to these dogs to lighten the skeleton, and to improve their instinct, the blood of a number of hounds poured into them.
In Stanley Coren’s book Intelligence in Dogs, the Doberman is included in the group of breeds with the best training ability.
This breed officially recognized by the German Kennel Club in 1900. The next country to recognize this breed was the United States of America. Where it recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908. Shortly thereafter, it recognized by the Continental Kennel Club.
The International Cynological Federation FCI recognized the Doberman breed only in the middle of the twentieth century, in 1955.