Basenji is one of the oldest dog breeds. Its history goes back about 5000 years, the region of origin is Central Africa. The uniqueness of the breed is that its representatives almost do not bark, but emit special sounds characteristic only of Basenji, similar to rumbling, but they can be heard only when the dog is agitated. Often Basenjis, especially after a transitional period at the age of one year, develop the ability to sing in the Tyrolean manner (yodel). Also a feature of the breed are wrinkles on the forehead (with flattened ears) and a tightly curled tail. Dogs of this breed do not smell and often wash with their paws, like cats. This breed is considered to be hypoallergenic.
The Basenji is a graceful and compact dog with a proportionate build and dry constitution. The limbs are elongated relative to the body. The head is small with a broad forehead and a pointed muzzle. On the head there are skin folds characteristic of the breed, the eyes are small, the ears are wide, erect.
They are healthy dogs, with good immunity, fearless and self-confident. The appearance of the representatives of the breed has practically not changed over the entire period of its existence. The natural silence of the Basenji is explained in their homeland by a myth, according to which in ancient times, when animals knew how to talk, the leader of the pack accidentally heard an important secret of one of the human tribes. In order not to accidentally let it slip, he and his flock made a promise that they would never tell what they heard – and from that moment they fell silent forever.
Today Basenjis are very popular as companion dogs, they are attracted by the absence of barking and smell, bright appearance, small size, as well as extraordinary intelligence and affectionate character. Basenji are active hunting dogs with a large supply of energy, they are great for coursing and agility, and also show themselves excellently at exhibitions (Basenji movements are light and beautiful). Basenji’s behavior on the street is radically different from that at home. The hunting instinct dominates, and special training is required for the dog to be controlled on the street (following commands, walking on a leash, etc.). The dog accelerates very sharply and quickly. Therefore, a sufficiently safe space (away from the roads) is needed for the Basenji to be physically active.
Height and weight:
Ideal height at the withers – males 43 cm, females 40 cm.
Ideal weight – males 11 kg, females 9.5 kg.
Color: there are 4 basenji colors:
- red with white;
- saturated black and white;
- tricolor (deep black with reddish tan, with markings above the eyes, on the face and cheekbones);
- tiger (black stripes on a red-red background).